Table of Contents

2023 WAEC Civic Education Answers.

PAPER 2 [Essay]
Answer any FOUR questions.
Write your answers in the answer booklet provided.

1. a) What are values?
(b) State six importance of values to Nigerian society.


ANS: (a) Values are the ideas, things, or principles cherished by people in a society.

(b) (i) Values help to determine and control the behavior of individuals in society.
(ii) They act as criteria or measures for the judgment of the actions of individuals in society.
(iii) Values give focus and direction to individuals in the family and society at large.
(iv) Values help us in decision-making.
(v) Values modify our attitudes and feelings towards other people through tolerance of different opinions and behavior.
(vi) Values act as standards of conduct for people in a society
(vii) Values guide people toward the achievement of declared objectives e.g. individual, family, communal, corporate, and national objectives among others.
(viii) Values promote unity, harmony, and cooperation in society.
(ix) Values encourage a sense of responsibility and hard work among Nigerian citizens.

2. (a) Explain the term citizenship education.
(b) State four reasons for effective citizenship education of Nigerian youths.

ANS: (a) Citizenship education is a process of enlightening or training citizens on their rights and responsibilities. Citizenship education is a form of education given to citizens with a view to making them responsible individuals who are committed to the meaningful development of their society.
(b) Effective citizenship education helps to:
(i) sensitize Nigerian youths on their duties and rights as citizens.
(ii) produce responsible, well-informed, and self-reliant Nigerian youths.
(iii) inculcate the right values and attitudes into the youths for the development of society.
(iv) help citizens especially youths identify national problems and proffer solutions.
(v) produce enlightened youths who are politically and nationally conscious.
(vi) instill in the youths high moral standards which are required for the development of the country.
(vii) encourage national integration and nation-building.
(viii) prepare the youths for future leadership roles.



3. (a) What is the meaning of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)?
(b) Highlight any six rights or freedoms in the Universal Declaration of  Human Rights of 1948.

ANS: (a) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) refers to a global proclamation specifying the rights of individuals. It is the primary international expression of the fundamental/ inalienable rights of
members of the human race.
It was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization on December 10, 1948, in Paris, France. The Charter consists of thirty (30) articles on Human Rights.

4. (a) Define human trafficking.
(b) State six causes of human trafficking in Nigeria.

ANS: (a) Human trafficking is the illicit/ illegal business in the sale and transportation of human beings for economic and other selfish purposes. Usually, the unsuspecting victims are lured away into forced labour, prostitution, and other forms of abuse.

(b) (i) Poverty – this makes victims very vulnerable.
(ii) Youth unemployment.
(iii) Disorientation of values/moral decadence in the society.
(iv) Greed and get-rich-quick attitude.
(v) Corruption in the society which encourages adventures into crimes.
(vi) Bad leadership which fails to protect citizens and provide for their social, economic, and other related security.
(vii) Ignorance or lack of knowledge/ awareness on the part of victims of human trafficking.

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Waec Civic Education Objective Questions 2023.

PAPER 1 (Objective)
Answer All the questions in this section.
Write your answers in the answer sheet provided.

1. The following are goals of citizenship education except
A. preparing learners for leadership.
B. developing an appropriate attitude in the learners.
C. creating job opportunities.
D. providing social amenities.

2. HIV/AIDS is spread mainly through
A. indiscriminate sexual intercourse.
B. kissing and hugging.
C. sharing toiletries with victims.
D. handshake with victims.

3. Which of the following is a major problem of the Nigerian Civil Service?
A. Neutrality
B. Red tapism
C. Impartiality
D. Anonymity.

4. Community development projects can best be achieved if the people are
A. cooperative.
B. religious.
C. optimistic.
D. knowledgeable.

5. People living with HIV/ AIDS could be assisted by
A. isolating them.
B. showing them love.
C. blaming them.
D. avoiding them.

6. Which of the following does not promote national consciousness?
A. Respect for the symbols and identities of the country
B. Promotion of people’s culture and tradition
C. Appropriate use of the mass media
D. Inappropriate use of state property.

7. Modern countries adopt a rule of law in order to make
A. lawyers independent.
B. the law supreme.
C. the judiciary part of the legislature.
D. laws in parliament.

8. The habit of obeying traffic regulations helps the individual to
A. report late at work.
B. avoid an unnecessary accident.
C. be lazy at work.
D. use the unauthorized route.

9. Which of the following roles should a responsible parent perform?
A. Sending the children to hawk on the street
B. Instilling in children appropriate values and attitude
C. Encouraging early marriage
D. Showing favour to a particular child.

10. A challenge facing the protection of human rights in Nigeria is
A. absence of public complaints commission.
B. failure of leaders to promote rule of law.
C. independence of the judiciary.
D. press freedom.

11. When there is a dispute in a community, members should
A. be indifferent to the issue.
B. cooperate with others.
C. leave the community entirely.
D. be resolute to their cause.


Keep following, more questions and answers will be added soon.

PS: Once again, there is nothing like waec civic education expo. Do not fall victim to scammers online trying to obtain money from you with fake promises of having access to live question paper before the exam. What we have on this page are likely exam questions from waec past questions and answers to serve as a revision guide.

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